Petra is an archaeological and historical city located in the Ma’an Governorate in the south of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. It is famous for its rock-cut architecture and ancient aqueduct system. It was called in the past “Sela”, as it was called the “Pink City” due to the colors of its twisted rocks.
Petra was founded approximately in 312 BC as the capital of the Nabataean kingdom. It assumed a prominent position for many years, as its location on the Silk Road, and the Mediterranean for the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Palestine and Egypt, played a major role that made the Nabatean state control the trade between the civilizations of these regions and their inhabitants. The city is located on the slopes of the altar mountain, between a group of towering rocky mountains, which form the northwestern flank of the Arabian Peninsula, specifically Wadi Araba, which extends from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba.