The city of Saint Catherine is the most special and distinguished city in Sinai. It is the highest inhabited place in Sinai. It is located on a plateau that rises 1600 meters above sea level in the heart of South Sinai, 300 km from the Suez Canal, with an area of 5130 square km, surrounded by a group of mountains is the highest In Sinai and in all of Egypt, the highest peaks are Mount Catherine, Mount Musa, and Mount Safsafa. This altitude endowed it with a distinct climate, moderate in summer and very cold in winter, which gives it a special beauty when snow covers the tops of the mountains and the land of the city. The area has been declared a nature reserve due to its natural, historical and religious significance.
It has Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Mount Moses, the shrine of the Prophet Aaron and other religious monuments. It is considered the largest natural reserve in the Arab Republic of Egypt in terms of area.